Stockholm is the fastest growing city in Europe, with 90% of goods being transported by sea into the city. South of Stockholm, a new port – Norvik, is under development to replace Frihamnen and to handle and store goods.
A new warehouse facility was designed by Rambøll Sweden using FEM-Design Steel. The task at hand is a 24m high warehouse that would house shipping containers and would allow for future expansions of the structure. One of the main challenges was the ineffective height to span ratio, making lateral forces (i.e. wind load) a decisive factor when choosing the load-bearing system. Situated on the coast, the initial calculation resulted in a 1100mm deflection.
The wind load was generated automatically using the Wind macro tool, which also created several wind-load cases according to the terrain type and building height. The cover function distributes the surfaces’ wind load to the supporting steel structure and can handle surface, line, and point loads.
Due to large sway, a sensitivity analysis was performed to study boundary conditions and their effect on the structure behavior. With scripting API, it is possible to run multiple calculations automatically and explore different solutions in FEM-Design. The class 4 welded sections have been hinged at the ends to take into account the worst-case scenario and consider the maximum sway possible. A different challenge came from large joint forces and deformations at corners due to the ineffective height of the roof truss, which also needs to take the loading from the solar panels. A hinged connection was set between the column and the foundation. FEM-Design allows for the analysis of the interaction between foundations and supra-structure.
Having a sway frame in one direction and a non-sway frame in the other direction results in having semi-rigid connections. FEM-Design can calculate the rotational stiffness of joints according to Eurocode and the structure can be analyzed using semi-rigid joints.
When it comes to steel design, buckling verifications are essential. FEM-Design allows for automatic calculation and assigns of buckling length for flexural buckling (in stiff and weak direction) and lateral-torsional buckling.
Plastic limits for foundation
In order to avoid uplift, the foundation stiffness was limited in tension. It is very easy to set up plastic limits in FEM-Design supports and perform a plastic calculation to obtain convergence. All the forces that went above the plastic limit were distributed to the rest of the supports. Siavash Ehsanzamir of StruSoft would like to invite you to a free webinar regarding the Ramboll Norvik harbor project designed in FEM-Design, on the 10th of September 2020. Siavash is the engineer who designed the steel project in FEM-Design, and he will give you an insight into the challenges the projects raised and the solutions that FEM-Design